Periodontics (Gum treatment)

Periodontics (from the Greek perio “around” and odons “tooth”) is a specialty of dentistry that studies and treats the supporting structures of the teeth, and the diseases and conditions that affect them. One of these supporting structures is the gingiva (the gums).

Plaque is the most common element causing gum disease. Unfortunately, periodontal-related problems are often discovered after they have persisted for an extended period of time. Proper oral hygiene, daily dental care and regular dental checkups will minimize the risk of gum disease. Gum disease ranges from mild (gingivitis) to moderate to severe (periodontitis). Treatments are available for every case of gum disease.

Common problems associated with gum disease:

  • "Long" teeth (receding gum lines expose the root portions of your teeth)
  • Bleeding gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Discoloured or deteriorating tooth structure
  • Gum recessions (holes in between the teeth in the gum tissue)
  • Infected gum line (discoloration or inflammation of the gum tissue)
  • Tooth loss or tooth movement
  • Wiggly or mobile teeth

Dental procedures that may be used to treat gum disease:

  • Scaling and root planning,
  • crown lengthening,
  • antimicrobial therapy,
  • gingivectomy ,
  • Osseous and gingival flap surgery.